Does having a Sexually Transmitted Disease affect your pregnancy options?


Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) are infections spread by sexual contact with skin, genitals, mouth, rectum, or body fluids. Although some STDs can be treated, others cannot. People with an STD may not know they have it.1

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD's) pose a serious risk to a woman's future reproductive and overall health, especially if left untreated. According to the Centers for Disease Control, in the United States, 1 out of 4 women between the ages of 14 and 19 is infected with at least one STD.  Women who have an untreated STD (like chlamydia or gonorrhea) are up to 25% more likely to develop Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) following an abortion procedure.

There is no contraceptive method that is highly effective in simultaneously preventing pregnancy and STDs.2  Condoms provide some protection, but 21-40% of the time condom use fails to protect against STDs.3

More than 1 in 3 female teens who have had sex have an STD.4 As your number of partners and sexual encounters increases, your risk of contracting an STD increases dramatically.

Condoms cannot protect you against certain types of diseases, such as herpes, syphilis and HPV. The use of hormonal contraceptives increases your risk for contracting certain STD's, such as chlamydia. Men and women who have any other sexually transmitted infection (STI) are at least two to five times more likely to get HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.

Most STD's go undiagnosed because symptoms are not recognized or are very mild. An infected individual can share an STD with their partner before ever realizing they have one. Because they are often asymptomatic, it's important to be tested. Women's First Choice Medical tests for chlamydia or gonorrhea.   

1 The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (2011). “How to prevent sexually transmitted diseases.” FAQ009.
2 Cates W, Stone KM (1992). “Family planning, sexually transmitted diseases and contraceptive choice: A literature update—Part I.” Fam Plann Perspect, 24(2): 75-84.
3 Sanghvi H (1996). “Contraception and STDs.” In: JHPIEGO. “Issues in Management of STDs in Family Planning Settings.” STDs Workshop Proceedings; Apr 19-21, 1995; Baltimore, MD.
4 Forhan SE, Gottlieb SL, Sternberg MR, Xu F, Datta SD, McQuillan GM, et al. (2009). “Prevalence of sexually transmitted infections among female adolescents aged 14 to 19 in the United States.” Pediatrics, 124(6): 1505-12.
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